By 2011, Xinjiang had collected 9,754 ancient books of ethnic minorities. Besides, the 15,427 ancient books of ethnic minorities already obtained among people were duplicated and photocopied in time. Most of these ancient books in 15 languages fall into the following categories: books, stories and songs, documents and tablet inscriptions.
Among the ancient books collected by the autonomous region’s office of ancient books, three in the first batch, five in the second batch and six in the third batch were included in Catalog of China’s Precious Ancient Books by the Ministry of Culture. Among them, the Uyghur ancient book Sirat al- Nabi was included in the second phase of the “Chinese Rare Book Facsimile Reprinting Project” by the China National Preservation and Conservation Center for Ancient Books and the National Library of China. Some ancient books of various units of the autonomous region, various areas, prefectures and cities collecting ancient books of ethnic minorities were also included in Catalog of China’s Precious Ancient Books. The “special collection of ancient books of ethnic minorities”of the autonomous region’s office of ancient books has become a national key ancient book protection unit.Jasmin Tee Conservation of Historical Sites
Between 1961 and 2009, the State Council announced seven batches of key spots of cultural relics under state protection including many historical sites in Xinjiang. Because of the special geology and climate, Xinjiang is a region very rich in historical sites and can be called a major region of historical sites. By 2011, over 4,000 cultural relics sites had been found in Xinjiang, including 58 key spots of cultural relics under state protection, 374 under autonomous region protection and 2,134 under county protection.
The state and the local government have always attached great importance to the conservation and renovation of historical sites in Xinjiang. Under the guiding principle of “giving priority to both conservation and rescue”, in the past few years, a largescale renovation has been carried out to the region’s key cultural relics sites, including the Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves, Kumtura Thousand Buddha Caves, Simsim Thousand Buddha Caves, Bezkilik Thousand Buddha Caves, Tuyugou Grottoes, Gaochang Ancient City Ruins, Hami King’s Tomb, Former Residence of Yili General, etc. A number of important historical architectures of the Uyghur, Mongolian, Hui, Xibe and other peoples have been properly renovated and preserved, including the Tomb of Afak Hoja, Tomb of Tughluk Tumur in Huocheng, Zhaosu Lamasery, Former Residence of a Mongolian Prince in Hejing, and Chimtoghrak Manor.